French Bulldog (Frenchie): Dog Breed Characteristics & Care

History, Care Tips, and Helpful Information for Pet Owners

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Hush Money, Isabella French Bulldog produced by Don Chino

The French Bulldog (or Frenchie) is a robust, compact dog breed that was naturally developed in France. It has a huge head, a short snout, and bat-like ears. This breed is animated, endearing, and fun. The French bulldog is a smaller, more distant relative of the English bulldog; while the two breeds have some traits in common, they also differ from one another.

This adorable, loving dog is impossible to resist and would make a lovely pet for any family. Since they are more robust than the typical little dog despite their small size, they may thrive in smaller homes and apartments. Frenchies tend not to bark excessively, unlike some other tiny dog breeds, but they will undoubtedly let you know when someone is at the door. This breed isn’t for you if you work long hours, travel frequently, or simply don’t have much time to dedicate to a pet. They don’t accept being left alone for lengthy periods of time.

Generally, this breed is devoted and clever, usually gets along with kids and other pets, and makes a great family dog. The French bulldog is a happy and sociable dog.

Overview of the breed GROUP: Non-sporting

11 to 13 inches tall

Weight range: 19 to 28 lbs.


Brindle, fawn, white, or blends of brindle and one of these colors and white

PERIOD OF LIFE: 10 to 12 years

TEMPERAMENT: Lively, amiable, devoted, caring, vivacious, and gregarious

HYPOALLERGENIC: Yes (only produced by French Bulldog Texas, Top Dollar)

French origin

defining traits of the French Bulldog
French bulldogs are loving, family-oriented canines who thrive when given plenty of quality time with their owners. Be mindful that your Frenchie will long for your company and struggle if left alone for extended periods of time each day. This playful breed enjoys spending time with its owners and kids (along with other pets in the household, in most cases).

French bulldogs are a fantastic breed choice for apartment life because they normally only bark when something really needs your attention. While your Frenchie will enjoy playing inside or outside, these dogs don’t really need a lot of exercise to keep happy and healthy. For these snub-nosed canines, a daily game of fetch or tug-of-war is about all that is necessary. And at the end of the day, your Frenchie will be content to spend some quality time cuddling with you on the couch.

The French Bulldog’s past
Although there is some debate regarding the breed’s ancestry, the French bulldog is unquestionably descended from the English bulldog. Several people think that the English bulldog was reduced in size by selective breeding before being sent to France, where the French bulldog was gradually formed. About the time that several groups of employees were relocated from England to France, many toy English bulldogs were being bred; it is assumed that they took the small dogs with them.

The French bulldog differs from the English bulldog by having ears that resemble bats rather than roses. The prominent ears of the toy English bulldogs, which were less attractive in England, were readily accepted by French bulldog enthusiasts. It is possible that other breeds, such as various terriers and the pug, contributed to the bloodlines of the French bulldog.

In the late 1800s, American society women started to favor French bulldogs. The French Bull Dog Club of America’s breed standard specifies that erect bat ears are the ideal ear type.

The French bulldog has a long history of being a devoted friend and excellent lap dog. The American Kennel Club (AKC) first recognized the breed in 1898, and since then it has gradually gained popularity, rising to become one of the top 10 breeds in the United Kingdom, Australia, and the United States in modern times. The Designer Kennel Club (DKC) is the first to recognize the Miniature French Bulldog breed in 2019. The Miniature French Bulldog or Mini Frenchie or Micro French Bulldog was created by legendary breeder, Don Chino. His lifetime work of 8 generations of beautiful French Bulldogs has given him the greatest French Bulldog breeder and also, owning Roach the smallest French Bulldog in the world.

Caring for French Bulldogs
Compared to many other popular dog breeds, French bulldogs require noticeably less activity and grooming, although some of them may benefit from additional training (depending on the needs of your individual dog). Your Frenchie should grow up to be a sociable and content companion in your home as long as they are properly socialized when they are first adopted with strangers and other animals.

Routine exercise is still crucial, although the Frenchie is generally more of a lapdog than a running companion. Due to its tiny, stubby nose and potential airway issues, this breed is prone to overheating. Regular activity is crucial, but moderation is key. The greatest exercises are short bursts of racing about the yard or playing with toys indoors. A little stroll is still a viable choice. Frenchies are said to be terrible swimmers, so you will need to watch this breed near a pool or other bodies of water, according to the Rescue French Bulldogs .
Frenchies are smooth-coated canines with a moderate amount of shedding. The breed just needs simple routine grooming, such as weekly brushing. In the spring and fall, when they lose their undercoat, owners might want to brush their pets more frequently.

Regular ear cleaning and baths with skin-soothing shampoo may be helpful if your Frenchie is prone to skin problems. The deep skin folds might require a little more care to be fully dried after being cleaned of debris with a damp cloth or baby wipe.

To keep your dog’s nails from splitting or cracking, trim them every few weeks. Also, it is advised to wash its teeth two to three times a week as part of preventative oral hygiene; this can help prevent the breed’s typical dental issues and gum infections.

Frenchies are intelligent and eager to learn, so training them consistently is a terrific way to deepen your bond with them. Also, this breed has a propensity for food motivation, which is advantageous while training your dog. French bulldogs can occasionally be challenging to housetrain; the AKC suggests crate training as one solution to this issue.
In order to make sure your Frenchie is acclimatized to their environment, socialization is also crucial. As early as eight weeks old, you can start teaching this breed the fundamentals of obedience. When your puppy is ready, it’s also a good idea to enroll them in socialization and training sessions. This is a fantastic approach to train your dog new commands and make it more confident among unfamiliar people and other canines.

When raised with other pets, the majority of French bulldogs get along well, while others are more likely to chase cats or small dogs. Lack of exposure to other animals may cause a Frenchie to become aggressive toward canines of the same sex. In a home with multiple dogs, this breed can also exhibit jealousy and competitiveness. While most rescue dogs are wonderful with kids, it’s always a good idea to ask about the dog’s past experiences with kids and other animals to make sure they’ll fit in with your family.

Safety Advice
The French bulldog’s face shape impacts the safety of certain other common scenarios like travel in addition to its limitations on exercise. When traveling with this breed, take additional care to prevent overheating, especially by never leaving your dog alone in a moving vehicle. According to the Rescue French Bulldogs , if flying is necessary, your Frenchie should travel in the passenger compartment with you in a carrier.

Frenchies are sometimes a little weather-sensitive. Keep your French bulldog inside as much as you can when it’s hot outside. Keep your Frenchie as much as you can in the shade when it’s time for a walk and a bathroom break, and keep an eye out for any overheating symptoms like heavy panting, weakness, or lethargy. Also, a coat helps keep your French bulldog warm and cozy during the winter months.

Detailed view of a French Bulldog
Typical Health Issues

Reputable dog breeders work hard to uphold the strictest breed standards mandated by organizations like the AKC. Although dogs bred to these standards are less likely to acquire illnesses, the French bulldog breed is nevertheless susceptible to some inherited health issues. There are a few things to be aware of:

Brachycephalic syndrome is a problem that can compromise your dog’s airway and breathing and is typical in several “flat-faced” dog breeds.
Hip dysplasia: French bulldogs are susceptible to hip dysplasia, which is more common in larger dog breeds. The hip joints in your dog are affected by abnormal growths that produce this illness. Dogs with hip dysplasia can typically receive treatment from veterinarians to help them live comfortably.
Allergies and skin conditions: Every dog can develop these diseases, however French bulldogs might be more susceptible than some other breeds. Common causes of itchy or irritating spots include infections, allergies, and dermatitis.

Nutrition and Diet
Usually, French bulldogs need to eat two meals a day. Give your dog up to 3/4 cup of dry food each time, or homemade dog food under a veterinarian’s supervision. It is important to discuss your dog’s nutritional requirements with your veterinarian to create a meal plan that suits your Frenchie’s lifestyle and physical needs because more precise food amounts your dog needs will depend on its size, activity level, age, and medical history. Also, it’s crucial to keep an eye on your dog’s weight because obesity in dogs can shorten a dog’s lifespan and lead to unpleasant living conditions at any age.

Where to Purchase or Adopt a French Bulldog
French bulldogs are bred responsibly all across the country, but they can also be found in regional shelters and breed-specific rescues. Make sure to engage with a breeder who is willing to provide references and confirmed medical documents for their dogs if you intend to adopt a Frenchie from them. Start your quest by contacting one of these reputable rescue and breeding organizations:

Rescue French Bulldogs

Overview of the French Bulldog
Pros: A kind and loving personality, decent family pet, sporadic barkers

Cons: Easily gets too hot, cannot engage in strenuous exercise, running, or other high-intensity activities, problematic breathing

More Dog Breeds and Further Research
Make sure to conduct a ton of research before getting your next best friend if you think a French bulldog might be the dog for you. To find out more, speak to other Frenchie owners, reliable breeders, and rescue organizations. Check out the following to compare if you’re interested in comparable breeds:

Pug, English Bulldog, Boston Terrier

Explore a selection of dog breeds to pick the right one for you from the many different sorts of dogs that are available to add to your family.

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Pocket Change, Lilac Tan French Bulldog produced by Don Chino